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Glycine max (soybean)


Glycine max, more commonly called soybean, is an important crop grown throughout the world, and one of the reference legumes. The Glycine max genome is a partially diploidized tetraploid, approximately 1.1 Gbp in size.

Of Special Interest

Genome browsers at SoyBase and Phytozome; Genetic maps, QTL, pathways, traits etc. at the SoyBase main page. Interactive genetic, trait, and QTL maps at SoyBase/SBT, linkage groups A1(5), A2(8), ..., N(3), O(10).

NCBI taxon3847
GRIN taxon17711
Flowering typeLong Day
Mating systemPredominately Inbreeding


SpeciesNCBI Taxon ID
Bradyrhizobium japonicum224911

Wikipedia entry

Genome Summary

Chromosomes2n = 40
Genome size1,115 (Mbp)
Chloroplast genome size152 (kbp)
Chloroplast NCBI accession numberNC_007942


genetic mapGenetic maps, part of the Soybean Breeder's toolkit at SoyBaseLinkout »
genetic mapGenetic map and comparisonsLinkout »
genome assemblyGenome build 4.1 at PhytozomeLinkout »
genome browserGBrowse at SoyBase based on build 1.01Linkout »
genome browserGBrowse at PhytozomeLinkout »
genome browserGenome browser at PlantGDBLinkout »
otherSoybean portal at PhytozomeLinkout »
otherSoybean resources at PLEXdbLinkout »
otherGene expression and sequence data at SoyXpressLinkout »
publicationsCurrent publications on Glycine max at PubMedLinkout »
transcript assemblyGene index at the Dana-Farber Cancer InstituteLinkout »

Reference Data

GFF3 AnnotationsGene modelsPhytozomeDownload »
GenomeGenome assemblyPhytozomeDownload »

Selected References

Current publications on Glycine max at Pubmed.

Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Skoneczka JA, Long SP. Accelerating yield potential in soybean: Potential targets for biotechnological improvement. Plant Cell Environ. 2011 Jun 20. doi: 10.1111/j: 1365-3040.2011.02378.x.

Weston DJ, Karve AA, Gunter LE, Jawdy SS, Yang X, Allen SM, Wullschleger SD. Comparative physiology and transcriptional networks underlying the heat shock response in Populus trichocarpa, Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine maxPlant Cell Environ. 2011 May 6.

Bolon YT, Haun WJ, Xu WW, Grant D, Stacey MG, Nelson RT, Gerhardt DJ, Jeddeloh JA, Stacey G, Muehlbauer GJ, Orf JH, Naeve SL, Stupar RM, Vance CP. Phenotypic and genomic analyses of a fast neutron mutant population resource in soybeanPlant Physiol. 2011 May; 156(1): 240-53.

Mortier V, Fenta BA, Martens C, Rombauts S, Holsters M, Kunert K, Goormachtig S. Search for nodulation-related CLE genes in the genome of Glycine maxJ Exp Bot. 2011 May; 62(8): 2571-83.

Tanaka K, Nguyen CT, Libault M, Cheng J, Stacey G. Enzymatic activity of the soybean ecto-apyrase GS52 is essential for stimulation of nodulationPlant Physiol. 2011 Apr; 155(4): 1988-98.

Coate JE, Schlueter JA, Whaley AM, Doyle JJ. Comparative evolution of photosynthetic genes in response to polyploid and nonpolyploid duplicationPlant Physiol. 2011 Apr; 155(4): 2081-95.

Wu X, Vuong TD, Leroy JA, Grover Shannon J, Sleper DA, Nguyen HT. Selection of a core set of RILs from Forrest x Williams 82 to develop a framework map in soybean. Theor Appl Genet. 2011 Apr; 122(6): 1179-87.

Jones SI, Gonzalez DO, Vodkin LO. Flux of transcript patterns during soybean seed developmentBMC Genomics. 2010 Feb 24; 11: 136.

Schmutz J, Cannon SB, Schlueter J, Ma J, Mitros T, Nelson W, Hyten DL, Song Q, Thelen JJ, Cheng J, Xu D, Hellsten U, May GD, Yu Y, Sakurai T, Umezawa T, Bhattacharyya MK, Sandhu D, Valliyodan B, Lindquist E, Peto M, Grant D, Shu S, Goodstein D, Barry K, Futrell-Griggs M, Abernathy B, Du J, Tian Z, Zhu L, Gill N, Joshi T, Libault M, Sethuraman A, Zhang XC, Shinozaki K, Nguyen HT, Wing RA, Cregan P, Specht J, Grimwood J, Rokhsar D, Stacey G, Shoemaker RC, Jackson SA. Genome sequence of the palaeopolyploid soybean. Nature. 2010 Jan 14; 463(7278): 178-83.

Cheng KC, Strömvik MV. SoyXpress: a database for exploring the soybean transcriptomeBMC Genomics. 2008 Aug 1; 9: 368.

Mudge J, Cannon SB, Kalo P, Oldroyd GE, Roe BA, Town CD, Young ND. Highly syntenic regions in the genomes of soybean, Medicago truncatula, and Arabidopsis thaliana. BMC Plant Biol. 2005; 5: 15.